Brazil and Europe have a long-standing, international relationship, including joint investments in IT through coordinated calls. Cloudscape Brazil 2015, 1-2 December 2015, celebrates some of the success stories to date, sharing insights on co-operation results tackling social challenges leveraging an EU-Brazil federated cloud infrastructure.
Standards for a trusted cloud
Standardisation is seen as a strong enabler, bringing more confidence to users, especially SMEs. Consumers are increasingly concerned about the lack of control, interoperability and portability, which are central to avoiding vendor lock-in, whether at the technical, service delivery or business level, and want broader choice and greater clarity.
Benefits of open standards
Open standards can protect consumers and are one of the most important means used to bring new technologies to the market. From a consumer’s point of view, uptake and even enforcement of public open standards offers a number of benefits over industry standards due to impartial public copyrights and associated IPR policies. As a consequence, public open standards offer protection from vendor lock-in and licensing issues, therefore avoiding significant migration costs if not provided.
A free guide to cloud standards
CloudWATCH is proactively supporting standards adoption and has compiled a cloud standard guide which gives information on the main cloud standards for portability, interoperability and security. CloudWATCH has also identified the main areas where standards are missing.
A major objective of CloudWATCH is to identify a metholodology for establishing cloud standards profiles around the federation of cloud services. CloudWATCH has delivered 3 straw man cloud standard profiles based on a portfolio of European and international use cases covering technical, policy and legal requirements.
This page contains all related standards profile work as well as more information on the benefits of standards adoption.
- Total control over deployed applications
- Elastic resource consumption based on real needs
How have we identified the cloud standard profiles?
Cloud platforms should make it possible to securely and efficiently move data in, out, and among cloud providers and to make it possible to port applications from one cloud platform to another. According to NIST cloud portability means that data can be moved from one cloud system to another and that applications can be ported and run on different cloud systems at an acceptable cost.
A truly interoperable cloud will encourage potential cloud customers to on-board, safe in the knowledge that they can change providers, or use multiple providers, without significant technical challenges or effort. This will expand the size of markets in which cloud providers operate. Additionally, if standards are suitably defined, the unique selling propositions of cloud providers can all be exposed.
Cloud Service Level Agreements (Cloud SLAs) form an important component of the contractual relationship between a cloud service customer and a cloud service provider of a cloud service. Given the global nature of the cloud, SLAs usually span many jurisdictions, with often varying applicable legal requirements, in particular with respect to the protection of the personal data hosted in the cloud service. Furthermore different cloud services and deployment models will require different approaches to SLAs, adding to the complexity of SLAs.
The European Commission has recently stated that widespread adoption of cloud computing would be crucial for improving productivity levels in the European economy, and that Europe should aim to be the world’s leading “trusted cloud region.” However, people are concerned and security in the cloud remains one of the largest barriers to the cloud.
The Open Grid Forum is an open global community committed to driving the rapid evolution and adoption of modern advanced applied distributed computing, including cloud, grid and associated storage, networking and workflow methods. The output products that result from this process codify best practices and standards that provide the basis for some of the largest and most powerful operational computing infrastructure systems in the world.
Market sector targets
At the Cloud Plugfest December 2014 in London, Primeur Magazine (original article) had the opportunity to interview Alan Sill from Texas Tech University. Alan Sill is Director of the National Science Foundation Cloud and Autonomic Computing Center in the USA.
Based on the conclusions and recommendation included in the ETSI Cloud Standards Coordination Report, the NIST Cloud Standards Roadmap and other information collected and assessed with regard to the standards for cloud computing, CloudWATCH has recently drawn the following conclusions on potential gaps.
The NST Cloud Computing Standards Roadmap Version 2 is a follow up activity of the first version of the Standard Roadmap, which has been published in August 2011. The Standards Roadmap is part of the NIST Cloud Computing Program that is one of the mechanisms in support of United States Government secure and effective adoption of the Cloud Computing model to reduce costs and improve services.
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has published the final version of the US Government Cloud Computing Technology Roadmap, Volumes I and II. The roadmap focuses on strategic and tactical objectives to support the federal government’s accelerated adoption of cloud computing. This final document reflects the input from more than 200 comments on the initial draft received from around the world.